The book of John was written by the Apostle John (not John the Baptist) and was written around AD 90. Paul had been martyred in AD 68. John was written to persuade people to believe in Jesus Christ. John writes from a thematic approach,
focusing on the deity of Christ, that he is the Son of God.
John 1:1–5 (ESV)
The Word Became Flesh
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. 4 In
him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
There was a gnostic teacher named Cerinthus, around this same time period
that taught Jesus was the son of Mary and Joseph, just a man, and Jesus (God) descended on the man at Baptism. He challenged the deity of Christ and the trinity along with other issues. Many believe that the opening of John is a direct rebuttal
(apology) towards Cerinthus’s teaching. John begins by establishing that Jesus is the Word. That Jesus has been around from the very beginning of time in verse 1 “In the beginning”. Jesus was present at the creation
of the world: “All things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made.” John not only connects Jesus to the Word, but he also connects him to the “light” and will use this “light” theme
throughout the text. This text is so strong that cults that differ in their teachings regarding the Trinity have a hard time with this text. In fact, the Jehovah Witnesses has reworded their bible (New World Translation) and changed “and
the Word was God” to “and the Word was a god.” They inserted a definite article “a” and made God took away the Capitalized G and made God into god. John’s statement is so strong that they had to rewrite the Bible.
John is making the point of Jesus deity and will build on his miracles to show that he is God. The 4 verses define John’s Gospel and the rest of the text is the proof. This shows what has been going on between Jesus Death, probably AD30,
and AD 90 when John writes this book.
I pray: O Lord, I give thanks for the Gospel and witness of John, testifying and showing that Jesus is God. Help us to refute attacks against Jesus with the
eyewitness John’s teaching. Help us to uphold the Biblical teaching of the Triune God, in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen.