Acts 1:1–5 (ESV)
The Promise of the Holy Spirit
1 In the first book, O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach, 2 until the day when he was taken up, after he had given commands through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen. 3 He presented himself alive to
them after his suffering by many proofs, appearing to them during forty days and speaking about the kingdom of God.
4 And while staying with them he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait
for the promise of the Father, which, he said, “you heard from me; 5 for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”
Welcome to the Book
of Acts. The first question is “Who is Theophilus?” That is a very good question and the right answer is that we really don’t know. It could be an actual person who commissioned the books of Luke (Luke 1:3) and Acts (Acts
1:1). But Theophilus also means “friend of God” which could be making a broader appeal to all Christians. The book picks up where Luke ended, at the Ascension. Jesus had promised the giving of the Holy Spirit and Verse 2 reminds
us of that promise. Luke connects the Cross to the coming of the Holy Spirit and the forty days in between the two. Luke also gives a Jesus quote “you heard from me; for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit
not many days from now. Well Pentecost is 50 days after the resurrection. So there are 10 days between the Ascension and the coming Pentecost (but we haven’t got there yet). At this point, the Holy Spirit is simply a promise yet unfulfilled.
I pray: O heavenly father, I know you kept your promise, for I received the Holy Spirit at my baptism. Thank you for washing me clean and renewing me and restoring me into your Kingdom. Amen.